Agitated Depression

I talked in an earlier blog about agitated depression but I wanted to go more into it since out of the two, it is the more common.

So, what is it?

Agitated depression (also known as dysphoric mania, agitated depression, or mixed episode) is quite different from other types of depression. It doesn’t involve common symptoms of fatigue or sadness. It is a state wherein the symptoms of depression and mania occur simultaneously. As the name suggests, it involves those feelings which are often synonymous to agitation such as anger, restlessness, rage, outbursts of complaining, anxiety, shouting, insomnia, and irritation, paranoia, racing thoughts, suicidal ideation and unspecified panic attacks. People suffering from agitated depression tend to behave in an anger mode like pulling hair, rubbing skin, wringing hands, pacing and incessant talking.

Common Facts

  • Agitated depression can affect any age group of adults.
  • This mental illness is quite common among Americans especially the older ones.
  • Most scientific studies have included that financial and relationship problems can lead a person fall into agitated depression.
  • Chronic illness or any recent trauma like the loss of a dear one can also cause agitated depression.

What are the symptoms?

In order to be diagnosed for agitated depression, the person must display some symptoms from the following list for at least a week.

  • Racing thoughts
  • Psychic agitation
  • Excessive talking
  • Inability to sit still
  • Lots of tension and stress
  • Handwringing
  • Pacing
  • Hair-pulling
  • Sudden outbursts of anger
  • Agitation
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness
  • Complaining frequently
  • Anxiety

What are the causes?

Agitated depression is caused by various neurological or psychiatric factors which are as follows:

  • Excessive use of drugs or alcohol
  • Chronic illness
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Relationship problems
  • Loss of a loved one
  • Excessive work stress
  • Diseases related to central nervous system
  • Schizophrenia
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  • Dementia
  • Brain tumor
  • Brain abscess
  • Heart and lungs diseases

Is there a treatment?

Of course, but it depends what it is the cause, for instance if it was a mental illness problem.

Agitated depression can be treated in a number of ways. Depending upon the severity level of the individual, the treatment given can vary from person to person.

  • The patient might be given anti-depressant drugs, anti-psychotics, anti-convulsants or sedatives.
  • Psychotherapy is also a good option that doctors might consider for long term treatment.
  • In certain cases, doctors might recommend a combination of medications and psychotherapy treatment.
  • Use of mood stabilizers can also prove to be effective in some patients.
  • Healthy diet plan and regular exercises can work miracles in curing agitated depression.

In agitated depression, the agitation among patients often makes them ignore taking proper medication on time. This makes the overall treatment difficult.

With timely medication and proper treatment, the patient can recover in due time.

Take Care!

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